The 4 Freedoms Library

It takes a nation to protect the nation

http://money.howstuffworks.com/socialism1.htm

Principles of Socialism

True socialists advocate a completely classless society, where the government controls all means of production and distribution of goods. Socialists believe this control is necessary to eliminate competition among the people and put everyone on a level playing field. Socialism is also characterized by the absence of private property. The idea is that if everyone works, everyone will reap the same benefits and prosper equally. Therefore, everyone receives equal earnings, medical care and other necessities.

As we've learned, socialism is difficult to define because it has so many incarnations. One of the things socialists agree on is that capitalism causes oppression of the lower class. Socialists believe that due to the competitive nature of capitalism, the wealthy minority maintains control of industry, effectively driving down wages and opportunity for the working class. The main goal of socialism is to dispel class distinctions by turning over control of industry to the state. This results in a harmonious society, free of oppression and financial instability. Some of the other forms of socialism include these goals:

https://dysophia.wordpress.com/dysophia/dysophia0/dys0_3_principles/

The Basic Principles of Anarchism

The basic principles of all anarchism we believe can be summed up in two statements:

1 That all shall be free and equal.

2 That we shall extend mutual aid and solidarity where we can.

Of course, we have to define what freedom, equality, mutual-aid and solidarity actually mean. However, before delving deeper, note that the core principles of anarchism are all dependent on each other. It is not sufficient to talk about respect and solidarity if some aspect of it violates mutual aid or autonomy of the individual, and so on. None of the principles can stand on their own, but together they simultaneously narrow the definitions and strengthen each other.

It should also be said that these are not the only possible definitions of  anarchist principles. However, we believe that other definitions are simply reflections of each other and will produce the same analysis in the end.

There is also an unstated assumption in the principles is that are intended to be pro-active. To be an anarchist is to not be a passive consumer, but to actively create the society you desire. It is not sufficient to say that someone is your equal. Anarchists believe in challenging hierarchies in our relationships, especially where matters of access to power and resources are concerned, and this goes for both those at the bottom of the imbalance, and those at the top.

How we challenge imbalances will depend very much on the context. Sometimes it is through discussion and education; other times it demands a much more assertive or confrontational approach.

That all shall be free and equal

This sounds self-evident, even trite, but in the anarchist analysis it becomes a very powerful tool. Often freedom and equality are only discussed within narrow parameters. For instance, the freedom to vote in a modern democracy, equality before the unforgiving power of the law, or through illusory concepts such as the “American Dream”, or the freedom to be a wage slave. Anarchists question why these parameters need to exist.

In most political systems freedom and equality are qualified rights, bestowed and removed at the whim of the elite who govern. Anarchists on the other hand consider them inalienable, and that it is the social systems that must be curtailed rather than freedom and inequality.

http://www.inquiryintoislam.com/2010/11/basic-elements-of-islam.html

Basic Principles of Islam

The following is the article What Makes Islam So Successful? separated into a linked outline. I thought it might be useful to break each of the elements into separate posts. Here are some of the key components of the package of ideas (or bundle of beliefs) known as Islam: 

1. A standardized version of the idea-collection is written down

2. The Quran includes instructions for its own spread

3. The idea-collection includes instructions for its own preservation, protection, and duplication

4. Islamic doctrine commands its followers to create a government that supports it

5. Permission to spread the religion by war

6. Lands must be conquered.

7. The idea-collection provides new soldiers by allowing polygamy

8. It is a punishable offense to criticize Islam

9. You can't leave Islam once you're in

10. Islam must be your first allegiance

11. Dying while fighting for Islam is the ONLY way to guarantee a man's entrance into Paradise

12. You must read the Quran in Arabic

13. You must pray five times a day

14. The prayers involve moving together in time

15. A woman is in a thoroughly subordinate position

16. The only way a woman can guarantee her passage into Paradise is if her husband is happy with her when she dies

17. Allah gives Himself permission to edit His own work

18. The Quran uses the carrot and stick to reinforce behavior

19. Islam provides a huge and inspiring goal.

20. Non-Muslims must pay a large tax

21. A Muslim is forbidden to make friends with a non-Muslim

22. The Quran counsels the use of deceit when dealing with non-Muslims

23. Islam must always be defended

24. Islamic writings teach the use of pretext to initiate hostilities

25. The explicit use of double standards

26. It is forbidden to kill a Muslim (except for a just cause).

27. If Muslims drift away from Mohammed's teachings, Allah will end the world

28. The message in a standard Quran is difficult to decipher

http://www.parli.com/newsletter/basic-principles-of-democratic-gove... 

BASIC PRINCIPLES OF DEMOCRATIC GOVERNMENT

            Organizations, whether they are homeowners associations or the local PTA, have discovered that governments which govern best are those who have laws which protect the rights of those governed and limit the powers of those who govern. In these organizations, members and officers uphold their governing documents. Their meetings are conducted according to the basic principles of democracy as found in a parliamentary authority, like Robert’s Rules of Order Simplified and Applied.

There are six essential principles that ensure that the democratic process is upheld in any organization.

1 All members are equal—they have equal rights and responsibilities.

2 The organization is run with impartiality and fairness.  The rules are applied equally and fairly to all and not just a few. There is no favored group within the organization will get preferential treatment or who considers itself above the law.

3 Ideas come from the members and are presented to the assembly to decide upon. Everyone gets the right to present ideas, speak to these ideas, and vote on the ideas, not just a select group...

4 The majority rules but the rights of the minority and absent members are protected.

5 Everything is accomplished in the spirit of openness, not secrecy. Members have the right to know what is going on within the organization by attending meetings, inspecting the official records and receiving notices and reports form committees, officers, and boards.

6 Leaders come from the people through an election process which is fair and not slanted so a favored group can control the organization. When a leader’s term of office ends, he or she returns to the people.  A hierarchy of power doesn’t exist; it is shared equally.  All members have the right to be considered for office.

http://www.idea.int/sod/framework/basic_principles.cfm

The Basic Democratic Principles

The key democratic principles are those of popular control and political equality. These principles define what democrats at all times and in all places have struggled for – to make popular control over public decision making both more effective and more inclusive; to remove an elite monopoly over decision making and its benefits; and to overcome obstacles such as those of gender, ethnicity, religion, language, class, wealth and so on to the equal exercise of citizenship rights.

These two principles form the guiding thread of a democracy assessment. The more they are present, the more democratic we can judge a system of public decision making to be. As they stand, however, these principles are too general to serve as a precise assessment tool.

The Mediating Values

To consider how far the principles of popular control and political equality shape and inform the institutions and procedures of representative government, we need to define what are here called the ‘mediating values’ through which people have sought to give effect to these principles in a country’s institutional arrangements and practice.

• Participation. Without citizen participation, and the rights, the freedoms and the means to participate, the principle of popular control over government cannot begin to be realized.

• Authorization. The starting point of participation is to authorize public representatives or officials through free and fair electoral choice, and in a manner which produces a legislature that is representative of the different tendencies of public opinion.

• Representation. If different groups of citizens are treated on an equal footing, according to their numbers, then the main public institutions will be socially representative of the citizen body as a whole.

• Accountability. The accountability of all officials, both to the public directly and through the mediating institutions of parliament, the courts, the ombudsman and other watchdog agencies, is crucial if officials are to act as agents or servants of the people rather than as their masters. 

• Transparency. Without openness or transparency in government, no effective accountability is possible.

• Responsiveness. Responsiveness to public needs, through a variety of institutions through which those needs can be articulated, is a key indication of the level of controlling influence which people have over government.

• Solidarity. While equality runs as a principle through all the mediating values, it finds particular expression in the solidarity which citizens of democracies show to those who differ from themselves at home, and towards popular struggles for democracy abroad.

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Replies to This Discussion

Under socialism you have to be forced to be equal.

Under anarchism you have to be forced to be free.

Under islam you have to be forced to submit to fraternity.

Democracy is an attempt to define freedom, equality and fraternity.

Looks like we're stuck with democracy. We just have to make sure that it is a real democracy that reflects the will, needs and desires of individuals. Just now democracy is a superior elite dictating how the inferior individual should act and think.

http://www.inquiryintoislam.com/2010/11/basic-elements-of-islam.html

Thanks - a lot of useful info there.  The article on "What makes Islam so successful?", is similar to my analysis here:

http://4freedoms.com/group/admin/forum/topics/why-islam-will-replac...

Then, according to my method of 'Ideological Anthropology', I rank these two ideologies here:

http://4freedoms.com/group/admin/forum/topics/the-10-ideology-metrics

The basic principles of all anarchism we believe can be summed up in two statements:

1 That all shall be free and equal.

2 That we shall extend mutual aid and solidarity where we can.

I'm not so happy with that definition. As I understand it, Anarchism is a rejection of centralised authority and organisation.  So it's like Libertarianism, but taken to the n'th degree.  So it's all about rejecting top-down hierarchical command structures, and replacing them with bottom-up networked organisation.  As a consequence of that it is thought that people will be happy and free and help each other without coercion ... but those are hoped for end results, not the driving core principles.

I suspect that anarchists have a naive belief in the goodness of human nature.

I am just looking for simple definitions Alan to help me think and understand. I don' like having to read a whole book to understand something that could have been explained better with just one page. I reach my own conclusions anyway, but can be persuaded by logical argument.

As regards socialism, I oppose it because it is unrealistic and causes harm, is causing harm, but I can see the positive aspects of the philosophy too.

Please do edit and refine Alan.

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Muslim Terrorism Count

Thousands of Deadly Islamic Terror Attacks Since 9/11

Mission Overview

Most Western societies are based on Secular Democracy, which itself is based on the concept that the open marketplace of ideas leads to the optimum government. Whilst that model has been very successful, it has defects. The 4 Freedoms address 4 of the principal vulnerabilities, and gives corrections to them. 

At the moment, one of the main actors exploiting these defects, is Islam, so this site pays particular attention to that threat.

Islam, operating at the micro and macro levels, is unstoppable by individuals, hence: "It takes a nation to protect the nation". There is not enough time to fight all its attacks, nor to read them nor even to record them. So the members of 4F try to curate a representative subset of these events.

We need to capture this information before it is removed.  The site already contains sufficient information to cover most issues, but our members add further updates when possible.

We hope that free nations will wake up to stop the threat, and force the separation of (Islamic) Church and State. This will also allow moderate Muslims to escape from their totalitarian political system.

The 4 Freedoms

These 4 freedoms are designed to close 4 vulnerabilities in Secular Democracy, by making them SP or Self-Protecting (see Hobbes's first law of nature). But Democracy also requires - in addition to the standard divisions of Executive, Legislature & Judiciary - a fourth body, Protector of the Open Society (POS), to monitor all its vulnerabilities (see also Popper). 
1. SP Freedom of Speech
Any speech is allowed - except that advocating the end of these freedoms
2. SP Freedom of Election
Any party is allowed - except one advocating the end of these freedoms
3. SP Freedom from Voter Importation
Immigration is allowed - except where that changes the political demography (this is electoral fraud)
4. SP Freedom from Debt
The Central Bank is allowed to create debt - except where that debt burden can pass across a generation (25 years).

An additional Freedom from Religion is deducible if the law is applied equally to everyone:

  • Religious and cultural activities are exempt from legal oversight except where they intrude into the public sphere (Res Publica)"

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