The 4 Freedoms Library

It takes a nation to protect the nation

Desde há algum tempo que tenho curiosidade por conhecer o Irão. É provável que muitos considerem este meu interesse atípico. A minha curiosidade tem origem no testemunho de vários portugueses que viajaram pelo país. Todos, sem excepção, me transmitiram o quanto se sentiram bem naquele país e o quanto sentiram que é, em muitos aspectos, semelhante a Portugal. Ao ver as fotografias das mulheres do Irão reconheço alguns traços que vejo quando me olho ao espelho. Os cabelos negros, os olhos grandes, a cor da pele, a forma do rosto. As semelhanças fenotípicas que existem entre mim e estas mulheres, ou simplesmente por ser mulher, fazem com que me sinta próxima e sensível às suas dificuldades.

Motivada por tudo o que ouvi sobre o Irão, li algumas coisas sobre a sua história. O Irão foi, até aos anos 70, um país próspero, com base numa sociedade igualitária. A revolução iraniana, em 1979, deu origem a uma republica islâmica com leis conservadoras inspiradas no Islamismo e com o controle político nas mãos do clero. Desde então implementaram-se leis muito rígidas, sobretudo no que se refere à condição da mulher na sociedade iraniana. O filme “Persepolis” é um dos filmes mais bonitos que já vi. É o retrato comovente do impacto que a revolução iraniana teve na rotina das famílias de Teerão. Sempre que vejo este filme penso no poder das religiões e o quanto de mau pode ser feito sob o pretexto de ser em nome de Deus, de Alá ou de outra qualquer entidade.

Foi com tristeza que hoje li esta notícia na BBC news:  Iranian university bans on women causes consternation By Fariba Sahraei BBC Persian (http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-19665615).

As universidades do Irão estão a reduzir ou até mesmo impedir o acesso das mulheres a certos cursos superiores. Parece que se considera que cursos como Engenharias, Física, Informática, Literatura Inglesa, Arqueologia ou Gestão, não são cursos para mulheres.

A origem desta medida é naturalmente político-religiosa, porque as mulheres passaram a ter voz colocando em causa o domínio masculino que está estabelecido há muitos anos. Deixo-vos um extracto da notícia, com alguns acontecimentos que motivaram mais esta repressão sobre as mulheres no Médio Oriente.

<In a speech after the 2009 protests, the country’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei called for the “Islamisation” of universities and criticised subjects like sociology, which he said were too western-influenced and had no place in the Iranian Islamic curriculum.

Since then, there have been many changes at universities, with courses cut and long-serving academic staff replaced with conservative loyalists.

Many see the new restrictions on female students as a continuation of this process.

In August 2012 Ayatollah Khamenei made another widely-discussed speech calling for Iranians to return to traditional values and to have more children.

It was an affront to many in a country which pioneered family planning and has won praise from around the world for its emphasis on the importance of providing families with access to contraception.

“People are more educated now and they are more concerned about the size of their families,” says Saeed Moidfar. “I doubt that the government plans will change anything.”

However, since the speech there have been reports of cutbacks in family planning programmes, and in sex education classes at universities.

It is not yet clear exactly how many women students have been affected by the new rules on university entrance. But as the new academic year begins, at least some have had to completely rethink their career plans.

“From the age of 16 I knew I wanted to be a mechanical engineer, and I really worked hard for it,” says Noushin from Esfahan. “But although I got high marks in the National University entrance exam, I’ve ended up with a place to study art and design instead.”

Over the coming months campaigners will be watching closely to track the effects of the policy and to try to gauge the longer-term implications.>

Tags: educacao, liberdade, mulheres

Exibições: 58

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Muslim Terrorism Count

Thousands of Deadly Islamic Terror Attacks Since 9/11

Mission Overview

Most Western societies are based on Secular Democracy, which itself is based on the concept that the open marketplace of ideas leads to the optimum government. Whilst that model has been very successful, it has defects. The 4 Freedoms address 4 of the principal vulnerabilities, and gives corrections to them. 

At the moment, one of the main actors exploiting these defects, is Islam, so this site pays particular attention to that threat.

Islam, operating at the micro and macro levels, is unstoppable by individuals, hence: "It takes a nation to protect the nation". There is not enough time to fight all its attacks, nor to read them nor even to record them. So the members of 4F try to curate a representative subset of these events.

We need to capture this information before it is removed.  The site already contains sufficient information to cover most issues, but our members add further updates when possible.

We hope that free nations will wake up to stop the threat, and force the separation of (Islamic) Church and State. This will also allow moderate Muslims to escape from their totalitarian political system.

The 4 Freedoms

These 4 freedoms are designed to close 4 vulnerabilities in Secular Democracy, by making them SP or Self-Protecting (see Hobbes's first law of nature). But Democracy also requires - in addition to the standard divisions of Executive, Legislature & Judiciary - a fourth body, Protector of the Open Society (POS), to monitor all its vulnerabilities (see also Popper). 
1. SP Freedom of Speech
Any speech is allowed - except that advocating the end of these freedoms
2. SP Freedom of Election
Any party is allowed - except one advocating the end of these freedoms
3. SP Freedom from Voter Importation
Immigration is allowed - except where that changes the political demography (this is electoral fraud)
4. SP Freedom from Debt
The Central Bank is allowed to create debt - except where that debt burden can pass across a generation (25 years).

An additional Freedom from Religion is deducible if the law is applied equally to everyone:

  • Religious and cultural activities are exempt from legal oversight except where they intrude into the public sphere (Res Publica)"

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